July 31: Jean Dubuffet; Milton Friedman, Primo Levi, SaintExupery

On this day, 73 years ago, French writer Antoine de Saint-Exupéry disappeared over the Mediterranean Sea and is believed to have died at that time. On that day, Saint-Exupéry took off in an unarmed P-38 on a reconnaissance mission to collect intelligence on German troop movements in and around France’s Rhone Valley. Author of works like ‘Night Flight’, ‘Wind, Sand and Stars’, and ‘Man and his World’, Saint-Exupéry is mostly known by classic novella ‘The Little Prince’, first published in New York in 1943.
The book begins precisely with a pilot being marooned in the desert, a reference to his experience as aviator. Stranded in that desert, the pilot meets a young prince coming from a tiny asteroid where he spends most of his time cleaning volcanoes and pulling out baobab trees. 'The Little Prince' is far more than just a book for kids, it explores the boundless themes of love, loneliness and purpose through captivating and loveable characters who mirror Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s own position of outcast. Saint-Exupéry's masterpiece is indeed a philosophical tale that includes social criticism and highlights the strangeness of the adult world.
‘The Little Prince’ is one of the most-translated books in the world (it has been translated into 300 languages and dialects) and it has become one of the best-selling books ever published.
Have you read ‘The Little Prince’ or any other book by Saint Exupéry? Did you like it?

Primo Michele Levi was an Italian Jewish chemist, writer, and Holocaust survivor. He was the author of several books, novels, collections of short stories, essays, and poems. Wikipedia
BornJuly 31, 1919, Turin, Italy
DiedApril 11, 1987, Turin, Italy

The aims of life are the best defense against death.
It is the duty of righteous men to make war on all undeserved privilege, but one must not forget that this is a war without end.
Anyone who has obeyed nature by transmitting a piece of gossip experiences the explosive relief that accompanies the satisfying of a primary need.

Chemist, writer, and Holocaust survivor Primo Michele Levi was born in Turin, Italy on this day in 1919.
“If it is true that there is no greater sorrow than to remember a
happy time in a state of misery, it is just as true that calling up a
moment of anguish in a tranquil mood, seated quietly at one's desk, is
a source of profound satisfaction.”
―from THE PERIODIC TABLE by Primo Levi  有翻譯本

THE PERIODIC TABLE is largely a memoir of the years before and after Primo Levi’s transportation from his native Italy to Auschwitz as an anti-Facist partisan and a Jew. It recounts, in clear, precise, unfailingly beautiful prose, the story of the Piedmontese Jewish community from which Levi came, of his years as a student and young chemist at the inception of the Second World War, and of his investigations into the nature of the material world. As such, it provides crucial links and backgrounds, both personal and intellectual, in the tremendous project of remembrance that is Levi’s gift to posterity. But far from being a prologue to his experience of the Holocaust, Levi’s masterpiece represents his most impassioned response to the events that engulfed him. THE PERIODIC TABLEcelebrates the pleasures of love and friendship and the search for meaning, and stands as a monument to those things in us that are capable of resisting and enduring in the face of tyranny. READ more here: http://www.penguinrandomhouse.com/…/the-periodic-table-by-…/

Jean Dubuffet - Wikipedia


Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (31 July 1901 – 12 May 1985) was a French painter and sculptor. His idealistic approach to aesthetics embraced so called "low ...

"Personally, I believe very much in values of savagery; I mean: instinct, passion, mood, violence, madness"—Jean Dubuffet born on this day 1901. From our collection, enjoy “Door with Couch Grass ( Porte au chiendent )” (1957), an assemblage of several paintings that he cut down and pieced together, typical of his interest in found patterns, textures, and materials. Using materials dismissed by Western aesthetics, Dubuffet wanted to paint unbridled energy, spontaneity, and truth to self—and with them, a spirit of insubordination and impertinence. Learn more: http://gu.gg/85tu30dU9Yv

The American Matisse: The Dealer, His Artists, His Collection: The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection"Selections from the Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection": The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, v.…

Milton Friedman - Wikipedia


Milton Friedman (July 31, 1912 – November 16, 2006) was an American economist who received the 1976 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his ...

Herbert A. Simon在諾貝爾經濟學頒獎演說中大力批評 Milton Friedman的思想、邏輯有問題。
It is a mark of Friedman's greatness that so many of the ideas that seemed crazy when he came up with them—from blaming the Depression on bad central-bank policy, to school vouchers and the volunteer army—have gained mainstream acceptance

The economist was born on July 31st 1912



Aug.20; Charles and Ray Eames,

TASCHEN Today, we remember the creative duo of Charles and Ray Eames who died on this day in 1978 and 1988 respectively. May their innovative oeuvre keep on inspiring. tsc.hn/49209fb Reconsidering the work of Charles and Ray Eames, who died #onthisday, exactly a decade apart, in 1978 and '88. Their designs are an instantly recognisable, and Californian form of mid-century modernism, but their relationship to LA was surprisingly ambivalent, as this essay from 2015 explores https://www.apollo-magazine.com/california-dreaming-recons…/ ******

4月18日:George Henry Lewes (1817-1878) : Clarence Darrow (1857-1938)舌辯大師丹諾;Samuel Huntington


For all his long career and prodigious energy he will always be associated with the phrase “the clash of civilisations”. How well does his argument hold up 24 years after he first penned it?

Samuel Huntington was one of America's great public intellectuals The author of "The Clash of Civilisations?" was born on April 18th 1972 ECONOMIST.COM
Samuel P. Huntington - Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_P._Huntington

Samuel Phillips Huntington (April 18, 1927 – December 24, 2008) was an American political scientist, adviser and academic. He spent more than half a century ..

As a consultant to the U.S. Department of State, and in an influential 1968 article in Foreign Affairs, he advocated the concentra

5 月5: Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, The ultimate failure of Napoleon. Bye bye paper fivers; Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse"

Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse" was published #onthisday 5th May 1927. The book includes fictionalised semi-autobiographical reminiscences of her childhood trips to the family house in Cornwall and the characters Mr & Mrs Ramsay are probably partly based on her parents Leslie & Julia Stephen (née Duckworth). Leslie Stephen was President of The London Library for 12 years and Virginia Woolf became a life member 4 days after his death.
To the Lighthouse was one of Virginia Woolf's most successful novels (the proceeds enabling the Woolfs to buy their first car!). 3,000 copies were produced by her Hogarth Press for the first edition. This is one of them from May 1927, and we're very happy to have it!

It's 05.05.17 – the last day you can spend your paper fivers in all shops across the UK.

Bye bye paper fivers: shops to stop accepting old £5 notes New polymer notes featuring Sir Winston Churchill complete their… THEGUARDIAN.COM