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June 30:Simone Veil (1927-2017), Yosemite Grant Act



President Abraham Lincoln protected the Yosemite Valley with the Yosemite Grant on this day in 1864. http://met.org/2u3A22R
Albert Bierstadt (American 1830 - 1902) | Merced River, Yosemite Valley | 1866



Image result for the Yosemite Grant
On that day in 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signed a bill establishing Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove as protected wilderness areas. It was the first time in U.S. history that land was designated for public use and preservation, and is viewed by many as the birth of the national parks system.Jun 30, 2014

150 years ago, Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Grant Act | PBS ...

www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/yosemite-turns-150/



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Simone Veil, Ex-Minister Who Wrote France’s Abortion Law, Dies at 89

:Simone Veil (1927-2017),
時任衛生部長SimoneVeil席蒙維爾 說:「從沒想到我會引爆這麼多的恨意。多麼的虛偽。國會裡主要都是男人,有些人會私底下幫情婦或家庭成員安排墮胎。」
數個民調結果一致顯示,席蒙維爾是法國最受歡迎和信任的人物之一。(譯者:陳昱婷)1060630
法國女權標竿逝世 著名演說促墮胎除罪
(中央社記者曾依璇巴黎30日專電)法國政壇的女性標竿人物維爾今天逝世。她在法國和歐洲都享有崇高評價,最為人所知的是在擔任衛生部長期間,發表歷史性演說,促成墮胎除罪化。
維爾生於1927年,她於法國時間今早逝世於巴黎自宅,享壽89歲。
維爾身為猶太人,曾於1944年、她16歲時與家人一起被送進集中營,最後只有她與姊妹倖存,雙親及哥哥則不幸喪命。對法國人來說,維爾代表了一個納粹統治下倖存的象徵記憶。
1974年,時任總統的季斯卡Valery Giscard d’Estaing任命席哈克Jacques Chirac為總理,延攬維爾為當時唯一的女性部長,執掌衛生部。
在她擔任部長期間,最重要也最艱難的一役,就是為女性爭取墮胎除罪化。
她在幾乎全由男性議員組成的國民議會前,發表了一項名留青史的演說,促成國會辯論3天,最終通過墮胎法案。
在演說中,維爾表示,「沒有任何一個女人是打從心裡樂於墮胎的,墮胎永遠是一種悲劇」,墮胎是一種特殊狀況,是在無路可走的條件下才能採用的辦法,但法律仍應把墮胎除罪化,讓走投無路的女性不須痛苦地求助於非法墮胎。
維爾採親歐立場,曾任歐洲議會議長,並於2008年獲任為法蘭西學院Academie Francaise院士,是歷來第6位獲任為院士的女性。
獲任為法蘭西學院院士是一項極高榮譽,且為終身職,一名院士逝世後才會再遴選一名遞補,一般又稱院士為「不朽者」immortel。
維爾曾說,「對我而言,我很早就超脫了永垂不朽的想法,畢竟我在集中營裡,就已死去了一些」。



(中央社巴黎30日綜合外電報導)力排眾議,使墮胎在法國合法化,而成為法國政壇偉人的席蒙維爾(SimoneVeil)今天過世,享壽89歲。總統馬克宏稱讚她是「法國之光」。 | 重點新聞
CNA.COM.TW|作者:中央社新聞粉絲團


法國傳奇女政治家西蒙娜·韋依(Simone Veil)6月30日在巴黎逝世,享年89歲。她的逝世引發輿論如潮的感念和贊聲。她身為集中營倖存者勇敢捍衛弱者權利的傳奇人生成為後世楷模,載入法國近代史冊,成為極少數廣受尊敬和讚譽的政治家。
法國總統馬克龍今天在推特上對西蒙娜-韋依的過世表示哀悼,並對她的親屬表示真誠的慰問。馬克龍說,願我們的同胞都以她為榜樣,從她那裡找到最好的法蘭西。西蒙娜-韋依逝去,法蘭西失去了一名傑出人物。
法國前總統德斯坦今天發聲明說西蒙娜-韋依逝世的消息令他震驚,他希望西蒙娜-韋依的模範一生成為今天所有年輕人的生活參照。
法國前總統薩科齊表示,他對西蒙娜-韋依的欽佩和喜愛由來已久。他說,西蒙娜-韋依將永存。
巴黎市長伊達爾科表示,她將在巴黎選一個顯眼的地方,用西蒙娜-韋依命名。她說我們的城市將不會忘記這位為自由而戰的女戰士。
法國猶太教首席拉比海姆-科西亞向法新社表示,西蒙娜-韋依是一位堅定而有尊嚴的女性,她總是細心傾聽弱者的聲音,儘管自己經歷過那麼多不幸。她後來變成了希望之光的標誌。
西蒙娜·韋依(Simone Veil)今天6月30日在巴黎逝世,享年89歲。她的兒子發訃告說,母親今早在巴黎家中去世,她本應在7月13日過90歲生日。
西蒙娜·韋依是德高望重的著名政治家和女權捍衛者。她在1974年出任德斯坦的政府衛生部長時,頂住巨大壓力,推動立法,允許婦女墮胎,成為法國歷史重大事件。
西蒙娜·韋依1927生於法國南部城市尼斯,娘家姓雅各布。二戰期間她和親人作為猶太人被抓進集中營,她是奧斯威辛集中營的倖存者之一,她的部份親人都在集中營喪生。



Simone Veil, a champion of the struggle for women's rights and the construction of Europe, has died today aged 89. Former French Minister, Veil was a witness of the 20th century and of the tragedy of the Holocaust. She tirelessly promoted historic knowledge as a bulwark against the persistent daemons of racism and anti-Semitism. A woman of strong convictions, she served as minister in several French governments initiating major advances for the rights of women, for which we are indebted. Veil grew to become a universal figure and model for millions of men and women around the world. Her immense legacy will not be forgotten.
Read here UNESCO Director-General tribute to Simone Veil: http://on.unesco.org/2urPh5g


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4月18日:George Henry Lewes (1817-1878) : Clarence Darrow (1857-1938)舌辯大師丹諾;Samuel Huntington

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_18


For all his long career and prodigious energy he will always be associated with the phrase “the clash of civilisations”. How well does his argument hold up 24 years after he first penned it?


Samuel Huntington was one of America's great public intellectuals The author of "The Clash of Civilisations?" was born on April 18th 1972 ECONOMIST.COM
Samuel P. Huntington - Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_P._Huntington

Samuel Phillips Huntington (April 18, 1927 – December 24, 2008) was an American political scientist, adviser and academic. He spent more than half a century ..

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5 月5: Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, The ultimate failure of Napoleon. Bye bye paper fivers; Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse"

Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse" was published #onthisday 5th May 1927. The book includes fictionalised semi-autobiographical reminiscences of her childhood trips to the family house in Cornwall and the characters Mr & Mrs Ramsay are probably partly based on her parents Leslie & Julia Stephen (née Duckworth). Leslie Stephen was President of The London Library for 12 years and Virginia Woolf became a life member 4 days after his death.
To the Lighthouse was one of Virginia Woolf's most successful novels (the proceeds enabling the Woolfs to buy their first car!). 3,000 copies were produced by her Hogarth Press for the first edition. This is one of them from May 1927, and we're very happy to have it!



It's 05.05.17 – the last day you can spend your paper fivers in all shops across the UK.



4月16日:Charlie Chaplin 卓別林;川端康成自殺

川端康成(1899年6月11日-1972年4月16日)
Yasunari Kawabata was a Japanese novelist and short story writer whose spare, lyrical, subtly-shaded prose works won him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1968, the first Japanese author to receive the award.Wikipedia
“Time flows in the same way for all human beings; every human being flows through time in a different way.” 
― Yasunari Kawabata
“Does pain go away and leave no trace, then?’
‘You sometimes even feel sentimental for it.” 
― Yasunari KawabataThousand Cranes
“A child walked by, rolling a metal hoop that made a sound of autumn.” 
― Yasunari KawabataPalm-of-the-Hand Stories


“Was this the bright vastness the poet Bashō saw when he wrote of the Milky Way arched over a stormy sea?” 
― Yasunari KawabataSnow Country, p.165

旅途中的芭蕉(松尾芭蕉......)在大海中所見的,大概就是這樣鮮明,這樣龐大的天河吧。......天河深不可測的深奧,把他的視線吸引進去了。--
【雪鄉】金冥若譯


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Charlie Chaplin (Official) Eugene Chaplin sp