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5 月5: Søren Kierkegaard, Karl Marx, The ultimate failure of Napoleon. Bye bye paper fivers; Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse"



Virginia Woolf's great novel "To The Lighthouse" was published #onthisday 5th May 1927. The book includes fictionalised semi-autobiographical reminiscences of her childhood trips to the family house in Cornwall and the characters Mr & Mrs Ramsay are probably partly based on her parents Leslie & Julia Stephen (née Duckworth). Leslie Stephen was President of The London Library for 12 years and Virginia Woolf became a life member 4 days after his death.
To the Lighthouse was one of Virginia Woolf's most successful novels (the proceeds enabling the Woolfs to buy their first car!). 3,000 copies were produced by her Hogarth Press for the first edition. This is one of them from May 1927, and we're very happy to have it!


It's 05.05.17 – the last day you can spend your paper fivers in all shops across the UK.



New polymer notes featuring Sir Winston Churchill complete their…
THEGUARDIAN.COM




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Søren Aabye Kierkegaard was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher. Wikipedia
BornMay 5, 1813, Copenhagen, Denmark
DiedNovember 11, 1855, Copenhagen, Denmark
Full nameSøren Aabye Kierkegaard
Life can only be understood backwards; but it must be lived forwards.
Life is not a problem to be solved, but a reality to be experienced.
Once you label me you negate me.

「僅僅回憶過去的人是驕奢淫逸之徒,但是,願意重新體驗過去的人是一個勇士。」 齊克果


http://hcbooks.blogspot.tw/2009/09/reik-theodor.html




Books 書海微瀾: 孟祥森, Theodor Reich, 齊克果 Soren Kierkegaard, Peter Drucker
HCBOOKS.BLOGSPOT.COM



1813Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher and author (d. 1855)




/在西方哲學史上,大概沒有幾個人像齊克果那樣,強烈關注個體的存在和主觀體驗。他甚至表明「假如我要使自己的墓碑有一個墓志銘的話,我將選擇『那個個人』」。齊克果激烈地批判自己所處的時代,指出那個時代的墮落之處在於,它把成為一個獨特存在的個人視作一件微不足道的事。齊克果承認他早年深受黑格爾影響,曾在自己的碩士學位論文中批評蘇格拉底,指責蘇格拉底的錯誤在於完全不顧及全體,而只看見個人。不過齊克果很快發現絕對觀念論,特別是黑格爾的那個龐大、無所不包的超級體系是以一種客觀的和排除個人的方式建構起來的。在這個龐大的體系中,個體性被完全排除,根本沒有任何地位可言。//
 
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哲学者セーレン・キェルケゴール(1813-1855)誕生。




絶望とはにいたる病である。自己の内なるこの病は、永遠に死ぬことであり、死ぬべくして死ねないことである。それは死を死ぬことである。――『死に至る病』(1849)-----



哲学者経済学者カール・マルクス(1818-1883)誕生。

哲学者はさまざまなやり方で世界をただ解釈してきた。しかし、肝要なのは、世界を変えることなのである。――『フォイエルバッハに関するテーゼ』(1845)

1818年馬克思德國政治家,哲學家。(1883年逝世)


The problem with Marx is not that his analysis is nonsensical, but that his solution was far worse than the disease


Read the dense, theoretical chapters of “Das Kapital” closely, and no matter how much you try, it is hard to escape the conclusion that there is plenty of nonsense in there



The myth of Karl Marx is more impressive than the reality
Marx was born on May 5th 1818
ECONOMIST.COM


1818Karl Marx, German philosopher, sociologist, and journalist (d. 1883)


“The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.”
– Karl Marx, a German political philosopher and economist, was born #OTD 1818. Marx was the founder of modern communism and he collaborated with Engels in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848).

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1821年拿破崙法國軍事家,在聖赫勒拿島逝世。(1769年出生)
When he was born in 1769 France could still claim to be Europe’s predominant power, as it had been for 100 years. By the time he died in 1821, it had been pushed aside

作者簡介 · · · · · ·

杰弗裡•埃利斯(Geoffrey Ellis),牛津大學赫特福德學院近現代史教師。
陳西帆,北京大學歷史學系學士、碩士。

目錄 · · · · · ·

編者的話
關於註釋
第二版序
第一版序
第一章引言:歷史學家眼中的拿破崙
第二章拿破崙繼承的遺產
第一節軍事生涯的發展
第二節革命政府的演變
第三章拿破崙統治的民政基礎
第一節中央政府、省政府和地方政府
第二節歸順者和反對者
第三節財政改革
第四節教務專約與政教關係
第五節司法、拿破崙法典和教育
第六節小結
第四章“大帝國”和“大軍”
第一節領土擴張和王朝壯大
第二節軍事機構、徵兵和憲兵
第三節拿破崙戰爭
第五章帝國精英的形成和封授
第一節貴族和“新貴名流”
第二節吞併土地和屬國的待遇
第六章帝國的經濟
第一節農業
第二節大陸封鎖的目標
第三節拿破崙經濟政策的效果
第七章拿破崙帝國的遺產
附錄一拿破崙帝國的王朝、貴族和新貴名流
附錄二拿破崙任命的重要人物及賜予的榮譽
附錄三帝國的十大“顯貴”
附錄四1800年拿破崙統治下的法蘭西共和國各省(地圖)
附錄五1811年鼎盛時期的法蘭西帝國(地圖)
術語表
部分參考書目

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4月18日:George Henry Lewes (1817-1878) : Clarence Darrow (1857-1938)舌辯大師丹諾;Samuel Huntington

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/April_18


For all his long career and prodigious energy he will always be associated with the phrase “the clash of civilisations”. How well does his argument hold up 24 years after he first penned it?


Samuel Huntington was one of America's great public intellectuals The author of "The Clash of Civilisations?" was born on April 18th 1972 ECONOMIST.COM
Samuel P. Huntington - Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_P._Huntington

Samuel Phillips Huntington (April 18, 1927 – December 24, 2008) was an American political scientist, adviser and academic. He spent more than half a century ..

As a consultant to the U.S. Department of State, and in an influential 1968 article in Foreign Affairs, he advocated the concentra